Gout: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Gout is a form of arthritis characterized by sudden and intense joint pain. Fortunately, it can be treated and managed with physiotherapy, medication, and lifestyle changes. Contact The Back Clinic to book an assessment or treatment with a physiotherapist. 

Causes of Gout

Gout is caused by the accumulation of urate crystals in the joints, leading to inflammation and pain. Excessive production of uric acid or impaired excretion of it by the kidneys can result in high levels of urate in the blood, leading to the formation of crystals. Risk factors for gout include obesity, a diet high in purines, excessive alcohol consumption, certain medications, and certain medical conditions such as hypertension and kidney disease.

Symptoms of Gout

Gout typically manifests as sudden and severe joint pain, often affecting the big toe. Other symptoms include swelling, redness, tenderness, and warmth in the affected joint. Gout attacks can be triggered by factors like stress, alcohol consumption, certain medications, and purine-rich foods.

If you have experienced any of these symptoms, book an assessment and treatment with a Physiotherapist at The Back Clinic.

Treatment of Gout

The treatment of gout involves managing acute attacks and preventing future episodes. Medications like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroids, and colchicine are commonly used to reduce pain and inflammation during gout attacks. Long-term management may involve lifestyle modifications such as maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding purine-rich foods, limiting alcohol intake, and staying hydrated. Additionally, medications like urate-lowering agents may be prescribed to reduce uric acid levels in the blood.

How Physiotherapy can manage the symptoms of Gout

Physiotherapy can play a significant role in managing gout by addressing associated symptoms and improving joint function. Physiotherapists at The Back Clinic use various techniques, including exercise programs, manual therapy, and lifestyle advice, to help individuals with gout. These interventions focus on reducing pain, improving joint mobility, strengthening muscles around the affected joint, and enhancing overall physical fitness. Physiotherapy can also help individuals adopt and maintain a healthy lifestyle, which is crucial in managing gout effectively.

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